An organic management system is not one that uses certain methods or substances and avoids others, but a farm whose structure is formed by the imitation of a natural system structure which has integrity, independence and the benign dependence of a “Wendell-Berry” organism”, The gift of Good Earth”
Organic viticulture avoids the use of synthetic chemical products and uses natural methods such as crop rotation, the application of natural fertilizers to maintain the soil’s health, as well as natural methods to control weeds, insects and other plagues.
Instead of using fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides, our management model is based on applying compost, favoring predator-prey relations and on the relationships of the animals that live in our state establishment, in order to maintain a healthy and balanced vineyard.
In order to control some fungal diseases that affect vines, the application of elements from the mineral world, such as sulfur, as well as organic elements, like mushrooms, that fight botrytis and powdery mildew.
Currently, the entire Matetic vineyards equivalent to 168 hectares and have organic certification from IMO.
Biodynamic Agriculture is a method developed in 1924 as an application of the Anthroposophy principles of Rudolf Steiner.
The term biodynamic comes from the Greek bios (life) and dynamic (energy) and means that this method works with the energies not just in a physical sense of the word, but on the mystic one that creates and maintains life, seeking a relationship that is considered as correct between man and earth.
The biodynamic method proposes certain principles to guarantee the health of both the soil and plants, in order to achieve a healthy nutrition for animals and human beings.
Biodynamic Agriculture generates the fertility of the land by means of natural methods. For this, it develops specific fertilizer production methods.
It proposes an agricultural and fishing agro-system that is less dependent on external factors such as resources and services.
It takes care of the farmer and their family’s training, looking for a sustainable balance with the natural resources.
Biodynamic, or biological-dynamic agriculture is a sustainable ecological agricultural system which includes many of the ideas of ecological or organic agriculture, but existed before terms like “organic” existed to describe it. In 1924, a group of farmers worried about the future of agriculture, asked Rudolf Steiner for help. He responded with a series of lessons about agriculture. This was the origin of biodynamics, which nowadays is practiced in a large part of Europe, North-America and Asia.
An essential concept of these conferences was “to individualize” the farm: produce all the materials required such as manure and fodder within what is called the farm organism, without introducing (or introducing little) external materials. Other aspects of biodynamic agricultural inspired by the Steiner conferences include temporary activities such as planting in relation to the lunar and planetary cycles. As well as applying prepared materials (which consist of natural materials processed in a specific manner) to the soil, to piles of compost and to plants, with the intention of implying non-physical beings and elemental forces. Steiner, in his lessons, encouraged his listeners to check his suggestions scientifically, as he had not done so yet.
The first decades of agriculture in the twentieth century began by using inorganic fertilizers, such as condensed air nitrogen and then applying it on the fields. Steiner believed that the introduction of this chemical agriculture was very damaging, stating: “Mineral fertilizer is something that must completely end in time, as the effect of any type of mineral fertilization, after a while, is that the products harvested in the fields treated in this way lose their nutritional value. This is an absolutely general law.”
Steiner was convinced that the food quality in his time had been degraded. He believed that the source of the problem was the use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides from chemical agriculture. Yet he did not believe that this was solely due to the chemical or biological properties related with these substances, but also due to the spiritual shortcomings in all the chemical focus on agriculture. Steiner considered the world, and all that is in it, as something of a simultaneous spiritual and material nature. A focus called monism. He also believed that material life was different to material death. In other words, Steiner believed that the synthetic nutrients were not like the more alive ones.
The name “biologic dynamic” or “biodynamic” was coined by Steiner’s followers. A central aspect of biodynamics is that the whole farm is seen as one organism and therefore, it must be a closed system that is self-fed with the preparations. The diseases of the organisms must not be treated in isolation, but as a symptom of problems in the whole group.
Even though the number of biodynamic farms in the world is relatively low, in 2006, around a quarter of the farms in India had adopted biodynamic practices, just as AGRICOLA CERES has done.