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This post, written by Amanda Barnes, is a participant in the 2014 Guest Bloggers' Program sponsored by the Great Wine Capitals Global Network.
When imagining “cool climate” wines, what springs to my mind first is the image of soggy, wet vines and miserable days of drizzle that leave your head firmly in the clouds — and not in a good way. Spending the first 25 years of my life in England probably didn’t help that image.
Drinking cool climate white wine poolside!
But in Chile, as I sat lapping up the sunshine by a glistening swimming pool under perfect blue skies, listening to birds squawk in the palm trees of Matetic winery’s boutique hotel in Casablanca/San Antonio, I started to question my initial impressions of cool climate. It wasn’t cold here. In fact, it was positively balmy.
Casablanca might be a cool climate wine region, but visiting the area is not a frosty experience: days are filled with sunshine and warm lazy afternoons drinking copious amounts of wine as you tuck into fine Chilean cuisine. On this particular afternoon I was tucking into fresh and buttery potted crab with a glass of tropical fruit-filled Chardonnay, followed by a rosemary-crusted lamb fillet with a smooth, spicy Syrah. I couldn’t keep my top button done up, let alone keep my jacket on.
The vines are bathed in fog each morning in Casablanca.
While the day time temperaturas and sunny climes make Casablanca a perfect holiday destination, the cooler nights mean you won’t lose any hours of sleep and can still rest nicely with a big blanket — which is good news for both people and grapes. The big difference in temperature from the sunny, skin ripening days compared to the crisp nights is what makes these wines so racy. And in the morning when you do finally wake from a perfect slumber, a fresh fog lays over the valley keeping the grapes cool and not awakening them too rudely either. The sun slowly appears through the fog, and then we are back to sunbathing. I understand why grapes do so well here: they can rest at night, and get some color during the day. And that is the secret to the success of cool climate wines ... maintaining the cool acidity while developing their color, sugar and flavor profiles in the summery afternoons.
Working your way around the attractive and modern wineries of Casablanca it would seem that this was the natural choice for vineyard plantation, but just 30 years ago no-one dared to plant here. The risk of frost (still a real risk) and the foggy mornings put people off of grape cultivation, in favor of planting in the warm Mediterranean-style climates inland. But one seemingly crazy man did plant here, Pablo Morande, and while most of Chile looked at him as a complete nutter they didn’t acknowledge that insanity is the flip side of genius until they learned which side of the coin Morande was on, when they tasted his wines. They were fantastic, and it was here in cool Casablanca that Chile’s journey into cool climate wines began.
The terroir of Casablanca from a bird's eye view
Since then, Chile hasn’t looked back. Once someone had broken the ice (not literally — it isn’t that cold) winemakers began exploring throughout different cool coastal areas up and down the country, even planting in Elqui Valley, which with its position just south of the Atacama Desert is just as mind blowing in its definition as cool. But Casablanca still remains the reference point for Chile’s cool climate wines: making sharp Sauvignon Blancs, refreshing Pinot Noirs and gripping Syrahs.
What is the best way to enjoy Casablanca’s cool climate wines? On a hot Summer’s day, poolside, with a decent book, an ice cooler and a sublime glass of cool Casablanca.
By Amanda Barnes
Photos: Matetic; Casas del Bosque; Emiliana; Matetic