Bordeaux is the largest French AOC winegrowing area.
The Bordeaux vineyards cover 115,100 hectares. Annual production is around 6.5 million hectoliters, or over 860 million bottles, of which 89% is red and 11% is white (dry: 8% and sweet: 3%).
Each year the number of people involved in winemaking is growing. Besides some 10,000 properties and almost 50 cooperative cellars, there are two other types of businesses in the Bordeaux wine industry: around 400 merchant firms and a little over 100 brokerages.
About 70% of Bordeaux wine is sold on the French market; the rest is exported.
Although wines may exist in varied colors (white, red, rosé and clairet) and types (still and sparkling, dry and sweet, powerfully tannic and elegantly smooth), all wines produced in the Bordeaux region share a common style. More than a particular taste, there is a certain character that is expressed through a balance of concentration and strength with finesse and elegance.
The style is the result of natural factors such as terroir and climate, as well as human intervention through assemblage and the pairing of grapes varieties to terroir.
All of these elements allow each growth to express its own individual personality.
The climate is mild and temperate due to the latitude and the maritime influence of the Atlantic Ocean.
A French word, the term designates a territory whose physical traits (soil, subsoil, location and micro-climate) contribute to the wine’s personality. A gift of nature, terroir is also the result of human intervention in the selection of grape varieties.
Bordeaux is the native home of grapes renowned the world over, most notably Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Sauvignon Blanc. Red wines in Bordeaux are blends of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and/or Cabernet Franc, and white wines are Sauvignon Blanc and of Sémillon.
Extending through some 60 appellations of origin, the Bordeaux wines represent an interesting puzzle to wander through for the greatest pleasure of the visitors’ palate.
See on the map where the different appellations are situated!
For additional information about Bordeaux wines, go on www.bordeaux.com